Back yard Breeders and Puppy Mills

Back yard Breeders

The term “Back yard Breeder” has become more and more common these days as people are becoming more educated about the responsible acquisition of animals. Here is an excerpt from “No Puppy Mills Canada”:

The back yard breeder is the single greatest cause of pet overpopulation. Back yard breeders usually do not have bad intentions, but the results of back yard breeding are devastating.

The majority of homeless or abandoned dogs come from this category in many popular breeds and mixes, they are often destroyed in pounds. Most are sold locally through newspaper ads – the responsibility ends when the purchaser’s taillights disappear from sight.

Many back yard breeders do not have the knowledge to properly raise a healthy, socialized litter, or to help the new owner with any problems that might arise.

Back yard breeders may act on a desire to make extra money, or simply out of ignorance. Sometimes back yard breeders will breed so “their children can experience the miracle of birth”, or they mistakenly believe “every dog should have one litter.” They may think their dog is so cute, he/she would make wonderful puppies, with little or no thought for the homes to which their puppies will go. Other back yard breeders see how much money legitimate breeders charge for pups and figure they could make some “easy money” too. Or, a back yard breeder may have a completely unplanned litter by accident.

Back yard breeders usually bring two breeding animals together regardless of their quality. They are not interested in scientific breeding. Their aim is to fulfill a personal need or goal, not to improve the breed and bring excellent quality dogs to the world. Since breed excellence is generally unimportant, the breeding dogs generally will not have been tested for genetic and health problems.

Back yard breeders are not necessarily bad people, they often come from middle to upper income families, and their dogs can be well loved and kept. However, getting a pup from a back yard breeder is a gamble:

  • The parents likely have not been screened for health problems
  • Puppies usually are not sold with contracts and no future support to the buyer
  • The breeders are not in it for the long haul
  • They will be working on new personal objectives in five years when your pet has a problem and you need help.

Although you might pay less for the breed of your choice from a back yard breeder, it’s almost a given that in the long run, you’ll pay a good deal more in vet bills and perhaps emotional bills (if the dog has to be euthanized due to a health or temperament problem), than you would from a reputable breeder.

Puppy Mills

Many people are not sure what actually constitutes a “puppy mill”. Here is the definition from “No Puppy Mills Canada”:

“The term “Puppy Mill” generally refers to a high-volume, sub-standard dog-breeding operation, which sells purebred or mixed breed dogs, directly or indirectly to unsuspecting buyers. Some of the characteristics common to puppy mills are:

  • Sub-standard health and/or environmental issues
  • Sub-standard animal care, treatment and/or socialization
  • Sub-standard breeding practices which lead to genetic defects or hereditary disorders
  • Erroneous or falsified certificates of registration, pedigrees and/or genetic background

Note: These conditions may also exist in small volume or single breed establishments.

They sell primarily to retail pet shops (usually via a broker), but occasionally sell directly to individual consumers. Dogs are bred solely for profit, with no concern for their physical health or psychological well-being – most are disease-ridden; all are force-bred continuously. They often use “Kennels” or “Farms” in its business name. Dogs’ and puppies’ are usually in squalid living conditions and are off-limits to the public.

Backyard Breeders are much more common.

For more information, please go to No Puppy Mills Canada.